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  • Review|Open Access

    Chemotherapy: oral side effects and dental interventions. A review of the literature

    Athanasios Poulopoulos , Petros Papadopoulos , Dimitrios Andreadis
    Even with the evolution of chemotherapeutic procedures and agents, chemotherapy may cause certain side effects that impair the patients’ quality of life. The aim of this review is to isolate and describe the oral side effects arising only from chemotherapy and focus on the dentist’s contribution to their management. This paper comprises an extensive literature review of the main side effects affecting the oral health status of patients’ undergoing chemotherapy procedures. In addition, it describes the dentist’s contribution in the treatment of such patients before, throughout and after...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Effect of artificial accelerated aging on surface roughness and color stability of different ceramic restorations

    Tamer A. Hamza , Ahmed A. Alameldin , Ahmed Y. Elkouedi , Alvin G. Wee
    Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of artificial accelerated aging on surface roughness and color stability of three recently introduced CAD/CAM materials. The hypothesis was that artificial accelerated aging would have an effect on surface roughness and color stability of tested materials. Methods: A total of 21 ceramic discs were fabricated in this study, including translucent zirconia (InCoris TZI) and resin nano ceramic (Lava Ultimate) ceramic blocks for CAD/CAM and a set of bi-layered discs made of a zirconia CAD/CAM substructure (inCoris ZI) with VM9 hand-layered...
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Effect of processing technique and coping thickness on fracture resistance of lithium disilicate copings

    Mohamed H. Riad , Jihan F. Younis , Hanaa H. Zaghloul
    Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the optimum margin thickness which allows more conservative tooth preparation, thus giving space for the veneer material and to evaluate the effect of the processing technique on fracture resistance of IPS e.max® copings. Methods: Forty all lithium disilicate copings were divided into 2 equal groups according to the construction technique; twenty copings each (n = 20) per group. Each group was further subdivided into 2 equal subgroups according to the coping margin thickness; 0.5 mm and 0.7 mm (n = 10/subgroup). Two dies were prepared...
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Evaluation effect of asthma on dentoalveolar morphology among children group

    Salwa Mohamed Awad , Tarek El-Desoky , Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan , Fathi Abdulraqep Qasem
    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of asthma on dentoalveolar morphology in the developing child. Methods: This study was conducted on 50 asthmatic Egyptian children and 50 non-asthmatic Egyptian children. Each child’s dental casts of the maxilla and mandible were analyzed. The upper and lower intercanine width, the upper and lower inter-molar width (UIMW-LIMW), the upper and lower arch length, and the palatal depth were determined. Results: Children with asthma demonstrated higher mean values in more than one of the parameters measured when compared with the mean values...
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
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  • Minireview|Open Access

    Neem: a magical herb in endodontics

    Harpreet Singh , Mandeep Kaur , Jaidev Singh Dhillon , Munish Batra , Jyotsna Khurana
    For thousands of years, humans have been using herbal remedies to cure and prevent various illnesses. Out of many herbal products, neem has numerous properties which have promoted its use in both the medical and dental fields. Use of neem has been mentioned in alternative medical specialties, such as Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathic medicine. Endodontic therapy aims to eliminate microorganisms from the root canal system. In endodontics, irrigating solutions play a significant role because of their antimicrobial activity. Their use becomes even more significant when handling infected...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Bifocal distraction osteogenesis as a surgical bed for dental implants in complete maxillo-mandibular defects

    Raúl González-García , Luis Naval-Gías , Leticia Román-Romero
    Aim: To introduce bifocal distraction osteogenesis (BDO) and subsequent endosseous dental implant placement as an overall method for reconstruction of complete maxillary and mandibular segmental defects. Methods: Within the authors' whole series, 29 patients showing bony segmental defects within the maxillofacial skeleton underwent BDO. The authors focus on 3 patients who were further rehabilitated with endosseous dental implants into the distracted bone. Results: The overall BDO success rate was 79%. The 3 reported cases underwent dental implant rehabilitation with 4, 6, and 5 endosseous...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Editorial|Open Access

    A foreword from the Editor-in-Chief

    Jiiang-Huei Jeng
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
    [HTML]   [PDF]   Viewed:670 Downloaded:61
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Stem cell markers as a resource to predict prognosis of betel quid induced oral squamous cell carcinoma: an immunohistochemical investigation

    Primali Jayasooriya , Champika Fernando , Anura Suraweera , Upul Dissanayake
    Aim: The study was to correlate the survival of a group of Sri Lankan betel quid induced oral cancer patients with the expression patterns of five cancer stem cell (CSC) markers namely ALDH1, Sox-2, Bmi-1, C-met, and Oct-4. Methods: Archival tissues of 140 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) were stained with CSC markers, ALDH1, Sox-2, Bmi-1, C-met, and Oct-4. Survival analysis was performed with SPSS version 20, using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and significance with chi-square test and Breslow’s (generalized Wilcoxon) test. Results: Immunohistochemical investigations revealed 55.7%,...
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A novel approach to reinforce provisional material using silica gel powder

    Tamer A. Hamza , Ahmed H. Sherif , Elsayed A. Abdalla
    Aim: To evaluate a novel approach for reinforcing 2 types of provisional restoration materials [polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and bis-acryl resin] with different concentrations of silica gel powder (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 3%, 5%, 10% by weight). Methods: A total of 60 rectangular fracture toughness specimens were prepared in this study according to the ISO 13586 Standard with dimensions of 2 mm × 5 mm × 25 mm. The specimens were divided into 2 groups according to the materials used PMMA or bis-acryl. Each subgroup was divided into 6 subgroups according to the different silica gel...
    Published on: 31 Mar 2017
    [HTML]   [PDF]   Viewed:615 Downloaded:37
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Teaching dental ergonomics to undergraduate dental students. Why and how? The experience of the Faculty of Dental Medicine of Sofia, Bulgaria

    Lydia G. Katrova
    Aim: This article aims to present the development of the concept, the design, and the implementation of the teaching of dental ergonomics in the program for undergraduate dental students within the process of reforming the dental curriculum at the Faculty of Dental Medicine of Sofia, Bulgaria. Methods: A documentary analysis covering the process of implementation and teaching of dental ergonomics to dental students, as a unique teaching module within the Department of Public Dental Health, was completed. The data analyzed was grouped as follows: (1) an overview of the new dental curriculum,...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    A case of periradicular surgery: apicoectomy and obturation of the apex, a bold act

    Lino Lucio Locurcio , Rachel Leeson
    This paper reports a case of a recurrent periapical cyst treated with enucleation of the lesion, apicoectomy, and root end obturation on a lower left first molar. In the case of conventional root canal treatment failure, non-surgical retreatment is the preferred option in most of the cases. Several factors such as a complex root canal system or previous procedural accidents may impede the success of non-surgical retreatment. The authors have performed root-end resection and preparation under local anesthesia on a lower left first molar; The root canal filling is placed within the new cavity...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the sublingual gland: case report and literature review

    Polytimi P. Paschalidi , Nikolaos G. Nikitakis , Dimosthenis Igoumenakis , George Kostakis
    Papillary cystadenocarcinoma (CAC) a rare malignant salivary gland tumor which commonly arises in the major glands, mainly the parotid, and less frequently in the minor salivary glands. Localization in the sublingual salivary gland is very rare. The authors present a case of papillary CAC originating from the right sublingual gland in a 78-year-old female. A review of the literature revealed only 3 previously published detailed cases (in addition to 2 cases as part of larger series) of papillary CAC of the sublingual gland. The salient demographic, clinical, and histopathologic findings of...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    A case-control study of the periodontal condition in gastric cancer patients

    Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos , Aggelos Antonios Oikonomou
    Aim: The present study was carried out to examine the possible differences regarding the periodontal condition between individuals with a gastric cancer history diagnosed by histological examination and healthy individuals. Methods: Sixty-five patients suffered from non-cardia adenocarcinoma diagnosed by histological examination and 60 matched healthy controls were interviewed and clinically examined. Data analysis was performed by χ2 test and logistic regression model to estimate possible correlations regarding the periodontal condition of the mentioned individuals after assessment. The...
    Published on: 29 Jun 2017
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